Horn of Africa Activism and US Politics

October 13, 2012

By Amanuel Biedemariam

US presidential and congressional elections are of great importance to every American way of life, belief system, and values. The US elections affect the nation’s legal, ethical, social, and economic fabric in many ways. It is an American affair with implications for every American.

US Elections have also been critical to the world because US elected representatives are interwoven to US’s international relations through the committees they serve, be it foreign relations, international aid, the military, international trade, etc. These crucial committees touch many aspects of people’s lives around the globe.

For decades, Americans of differing ethnic and national backgrounds have understood the importance of US elections and participated in the process rather effectively. We can learn from many such examples as Irish Americans, Jewish Americans, and Cuban Americans. These are significant constituencies that politicians would not dare cross simply because the consequences are dire for their election prospects. The Cuban American community in Florida is a great example.

The US has been involved in the Horn of Africa for decades. The US involvement has deeply affected the lives of everyone in the region. However, the Horn of Africa voters failed to have a collective voice even when the impacts of US policies have impacted them the same.

That in large part is due to the divisions that exist amongst them. That division has not served them well in furthering their interests; to the contrary, it opened opportunities for those that affected the region negatively.

The people from the Horn have been divided politically, ethnically, regionally, religiously, and along other faultiness for decades. They have historically focused on areas that divide them rather than those that unite them. As a result, anyone who wanted to exploit the region perpetuated an unchallenged divide and rule strategy.

The US has been a critical player in the Horn of Africa since WWII. Over the last two decades, the US has taken the lead and prominent role in the region. The US pursues its agendas with unreserved persistence applying every means available to the detriment of the people in the Horn of Africa.

Lack of vision, leadership, and entrenched division denied the people from the Horn a collective voice that can put the fear of God in the hearts of US policymakers and elected representatives.

In a way, the Diaspora communities have harmed the peoples in the HOA more by taking an individual approach to addressing their issues during election periods for the White House and US congressional offices.

Intellectuals and opinion makers from the region have contributed to continuing the status quo by focusing on minor issues and divisive agendas. They spewed opinions that satisfied their narrow interests. They provided these views as if representing the collective view of the people misleading many. Most damaging, however, are incendiary comments that pin the communities against each other.

The statement above is a simplistic depiction of how intellectuals and self-serving individuals hijacked the views of thousands and acted against each other. Often at the expense of the people of the Horn for decades. No one is immune from these responsibilities. We all share the blame equally. Ethiopians, Somalis, Eritreans, Sudanese, etc., or have been at odds against each other in one form or another for decades. They are unable to work together or focus on issues of common interest.

It is time for a change, time to understand our common interests, and most importantly, it is time to demand respect and earn that respect. How do we do that? How can we earn respect?

We can earn respect only when we present a united voice. We can earn respect when we understand the power of our collective voice. We can earn respect when we know how to use our collective voice. We can earn respect when we believe in each other and trust that we can solve our issues by ourselves. Absent these understandings; we will always be held hostages to our shortcomings. And that will be doing a disservice to the poor people of the Horn that desperately need our voices.

Election 2012 and its Opportunities

More than any time in the history of people from the region, there is a window of opportunity to make a difference through the ballot box, provided they understand how to approach it. The question is what exactly is the better outcome and why. Secondly, who is the better candidate and why. Of course, when we ask these questions, we are not talking about their domestic policies. We are talking about the policies that affect the region’s people, their foreign policies. The question then becomes who is better for the Horn. The answer is that it does not make an iota of a difference. And if it is not going to make a difference, why waste time voting?

The key

According to Rasmussen Reports presidential poll,

“Virginia remains a nail-biter in the first post-debate survey of the key battleground state, with

Mitt Romney is edging slightly ahead. The latest Rasmussen Reports telephone survey of Likely Virginia Voters, taken last night, shows Romney earning 49% support to Obama’s 48%. Three percent (3%) remain undecided.”

It means few votes will determine the outcome of the 2012 election. In this type of competition, why throw away a vote? I recently read an article by a scholar from the region that said,

“Did I enthusiastically support presidential candidate Barack Obama in 2008? Absolutely! Do I agree with everything he has done over the past four years as president? No! Has he carried out all of the promises he made in 2008? No! Am I disappointed in President Obama in 2012? Yes! But so are millions of Americans who supported him in 2008. So are tens of millions of other people throughout the world who saw his election as history-making and wished him well.”

The author then endorsed Obama in a way that implied, better the devil, you know… And that is what the Democratic camp has been trying to sell, fear. Instead of running on their record, they want to sell fear of what Romney will and can do if elected. I recently ran to one Democratic campaign manager, and, after I expressed our concerns about the Obama administration, he told me, “Do you think Romney is going to do any better?” I then said to him that he could not sell fear and needed to hear his programs and decide based on his answers.

The question, why vote and for whom? When we vote, are we voting for change or continuity? Are we voting for some fulfillment? Did President Obama bring the change we expected and hoped for, and if re-elected, will he undo the wrongs and the mistakes he made?

There is one certainty here; President Obama will not be running for office again if re-elected. Hence, he will be under no obligation to fulfill any promise.

Therefore, the devil-you-know argument is nullified by the saying fool me once… The Us voted President Obama into office with a sultry voice that sold hope and change that he miserably failed to deliver.

Whether it is for Obama or Romney, what is the best reason to vote? We have to throw the traditional thinking out of the window, get bold, become creative, and voice our interests through the ballot boxes.

The election of President Obama has made it clear that it doesn’t matter what one intends to achieve through the ballot box regarding the Horn of Africa.

Because US policies are on blinders designed to go in one direction, expecting it to change on its own is to expect a different outcome by repeatedly doing the same thing.

That being the case, it is time to think differently to “begin” to make a dent in the electoral process. To do so, we have to be clear of what we want to achieve through the ballot box i.e.

Recognition: To get recognition, we have to be identified as a voting bloc. And to be recognized as a voting bloc, we need to accept and embrace our communities and identify community leaders that can express a collective view.

Respect: To earn respect through the electoral process, any group or community needs to place fear of God in the hearts of the parties and political candidates seeking offices. To achieve that, we need to make a statement in consensus. Only then can they start to think twice before they do something outlandish.

Statement: more than any other, this election cycle offers a unique opportunity to make a statement of presence. The state of Virginia provides a unique opportunity to make that same statement. As indicated above, the poll numbers in Virginia are very close. What statement can the people from the Horn make in Virginia?


To vote for President Obama and re-elect him is to reward bad behavior. It is critical for Virginians from the region to vote for Romney. We gave our votes overwhelmingly to President Obama and the Democratic Party in the past. And most people voted according to their personal feelings and views. That is what the Obama reelection campaign would want. I do not believe they want the Eritrean, Ethiopian, Somali and other communities from the region to vote as groups. It is not in their interests to do so because they have seriously mismanaged the region’s affairs and disrespected the people’s cultures and customs, as evidenced by the brazen arrogance Ambassador Susan Rice displayed during the funeral services of Meles Zenawi.

Hence, to quote the famed author F.Scott Fitzgerald,

” What we must decide is perhaps how we are valuable, rather than how valuable we are.”

How many votes do the region’s people have in Northern Virginia alone? When the collective numbers of the votes are counted, rest assured, it is enough to determine the election in Virginia. Therefore, if the purpose of participating in the election through the ballot box is to make a statement and send a clear message to the parties and candidates, it won’t be brilliant to vote for and re-elect President Obama.

It is certain that the Obama Administration “will not” change its policies regardless of whether we voted for him or not. However, by electing Romney, we can send the message and make the statement that we want future candidates to know loud and clear. The whole world will know that there is a new voting bloc. It is only then that we are respected and feared.

It is an excellent opportunity for us to start earning recognition, respect. Hopefully, that will result in policies that favor the more significant majority rather than a handful that rule at the expense of the people by dividing, killing, and exploiting them. It is the time to decide how we are valuable.

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